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Learning Disabilities

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Definition of Learning Disability
"A person is diagnosed as having a learning disability if his achievements in standard reading, writing and arithmetic are significantly lower than what would be expected from his age group, educational background and level of intelligence.In other words, learning problems result in a major lowering of his or her academic achievements and impair daily activities which require skill in reading, writing or arithmetic.

Most research findings mention these characteristics:
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Central nervous system dysfunction
* Disproportional development of different mental abilities
* Difficuly with learning assignments
* A gap between potential and achievements
* Other explanations for poor achievements in studies are ruled out

It's important to remember:
*
People with learning difficulties are a heterogeneous group - they are very different from one another.
* Every person is a special case and demonstrates only some of the  many characteristics
* The the same disability has a different effect at different ages.Children are usually diagnosed as having learning disabilities from the age of six, and until then they are considered at risk of having learning disabilities.

Main Types of Learning Disability:
*
Difficulties with gross and fine motor skills
* Difficulties with memory and the processing of information
* Difficulties with language
* Difficulties with reading
* Difficulties with writing
* Difficulties with math
* Non-verbal impairment - social problems, difficulties in controlling the senses, aversion to touching.

Who is at Risk?
Those who were born after complications in pregnancy, premature birth, retarded growth in the womb, complications at birth, Meningitis, genetic syndromes, heredity, neurological diseases and head injuries.

How can the coach help?
*
Increase self awareness
* Increase self esteem and confidence
* Set objective and practical goals
* Hep in referral to diagnosis
* Follow-up
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